Lyrical Ballads, William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, 1798
- initiating the Romantic Era in literature.
- containing the first known Public Service Announcement about albatross curses.
In 1798 Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth wanted to go on a walking tour of the Lake District in northern England. Their conversation went something like this:
Wordsworth: Would you like to go on vacation?
Coleridge: Yes, but I haven’t any money.
Wordsworth: Hmm. Shall we write some poems?
Coleridge: That will surely provide the necessary funds.
So they each wrote some poems and published a little volume called Lyrical Ballads. The publication funded their walking tour and launched a new era in English literature. Jealous? Are you wishing you were a Romantic poet and this was your life? I wish that. Almost every day.
In 1800 Wordsworth produced a second, highly modified, version of Lyrical Ballads. He removed the best poem in the original volume, Coleridge’s “Rhyme of the Ancient Mariner.” I read both versions. “Rhyme of the Ancient Mariner” is a ballad about a sailor who shoots an albatross. Why? Why! Killing the bird dooms the entire crew. Without giving too much away, I’ll just say that they spend some time undead and the mariner must spend eternity spreading the message “Did you know that the gods love the albatross? Well they do, so don’t mess with them!” It is creepy and wonderful and one of my favorite poems.
The majority of the remaining poems are by Wordsworth. It took me a long time to get through this volume, because I have a limited attention span for Wordsworth. He was dedicated to making poetry more accessible to the Joe Plumbers of his time by using simpler language than his predecessors with their predilection for ornate style, classical references and sporadic Middle English phrases. Ironically, I don’t find Wordsworth all that relatable. In poems such as “The Female Vagrant,” “The Complaint of a forsaken Indian Woman” and “Song for the wandering Jew” Wordsworth writes from the perspective of common people, but ends up romanticizing and dramatizing their experiences so thoroughly that the poems feel disingenuous and bizarre. I mentioned before that I think his attempts to emulate Robert Burns failed. Wordworth wanted to write about being a poor farmer, but he was not a poor farmer so his odes to poverty and rural living lack Burns’ sincerity and vitality. Wordsworth is much better when he writes about his own experiences, as in “Lines written a few miles above Tintern Abbey.” You can probably tell that good old WW is not my favorite Romantic poet (Keats! Coleridge!), but I found myself enjoying “Tintern Abbey” immensely. I was actually inspired by the sentiment contained in the poem, and I can definitely relate to Wordsworth’s description of himself recalling scenes of natural beauty to ease his mind whilst in the city. I do that.
You may like Lyrical Ballads if:
- you love Romantic poetry.
- you are interested in the origin of the Romantic movement.
You may not like Lyrical Ballads if:
- you are not a huge fan of William Wordsworth.
Final Thoughts: This is an incredibly important work in the history of English literature. If you’re a literature nerd, you should read it. If you’re more casual in your poetry reading, you would probably prefer selected poems by these two authors.